Lake Garda, or Benaco, is the largest of the Italian lakes.
In the south it is surrounded by the morainic hills left by the prehistoric ice retreat and, in the northern part, where the sides are higher and narrower, it is surrounded by high mountain chains that give it the shape and the aspect of a fjord. These features, in turn merge to create a particularly mild Mediterranean type microclimate.
The brightness of the environment, the sweetness of the climate and the richness of the vegetation, consisting mainly of olive trees, palms, cypresses, lemons, oleanders and orange trees, together with the beauty of the landscapes, make it undoubtedly the most attractive of Italian lakes.
The Baldo is a long mountain chain of over 40 km that extends between the provinces of Trento and Verona in the north-east and south-west and separates two large valleys that, modelled by the Quaternary glaciers, gave rise to Lake Garda and Val d’Adige.
The changing climatic events that have occurred over the millennia have led to the settlement on this mountain of countless species of flora and fauna.